To avoid losing weight and muscle mass when you have COPD, you generally need to eat more foods that have fat and protein. Talk with your doctor or a dietitian about what foods you need to gain or maintain your weight.
Here are some ways to get more calories and protein to avoid weight loss when you have COPD.
- Eat high-calorie snacks.
Snack foods that can help you add calories to your diet include:
- Ice cream.
- Granola bars.
- Crackers with peanut butter.
- Cereal with half-and-half.
- High-calorie drinks like whole milk, milkshakes, and nutritional supplements, such as nutrition shakes.
- Add calories to a meal or snack.
Making simple changes to the foods you already eat can help you add calories and protein to your diet.
- Add an egg or egg yolk to meat loaf, macaroni and cheese, or similar foods. Be sure to cook the food after adding the egg.
- Add powdered milk to creamed soups, scrambled eggs, pudding, potatoes, yogurt, and casseroles.
- Add cheese to sandwiches, crackers, casseroles, soups, toast, and pasta.
- Add extra vegetable oil or olive oil, mayonnaise, butter, or sour cream to sandwiches, bread, casseroles, soups, cooked cereals, pasta, potatoes, rice, or vegetables.
- Grind up some nuts and sprinkle them on puddings, gravy, mashed potatoes, casseroles, salads, and yogurt.
- Add protein to your diet.
Milk, milk products, and meats are high in protein. Try to eat more of these foods, or:
- Add skim milk powder to milk, cold cereals, scrambled eggs, soups, and ground meat.
- Add cheese or peanut butter to snacks.
- Choose desserts that use eggs, such as sponge cake, egg custard, and rice pudding.
- Use nutritional supplements high in protein, such as nutrition shakes.
Current as of: March 9, 2022
Author: Healthwise Staff
E. Gregory Thompson MD - Internal Medicine
Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine
Ken Y. Yoneda MD - Pulmonology