Make sure you know about each of the medicines you take. This includes why you take it, how to take it, what you can expect while you're taking it, and any warnings about the medicine.
The information provided here is general. So be sure to read the information that came with your medicine. If you have any questions or concerns, talk to your pharmacist or doctor.
What are some examples?
Here are some examples of testosterone. For each item in the list, the generic name is first, followed by any brand names.
- testosterone (Androderm, AndroGel, Delatestryl, Depo-Testosterone)
- methyltestosterone (Android, Testred)
This is not a complete list of testosterones.
Why is testosterone used?
Testosterone may be used to:
- Increase testosterone levels when the body isn't making enough.
- Improve sex drive.
- Increase muscle mass.
- Prevent bone loss.
- Provide gender-affirming care.
Testosterone should not be used unless tests have shown that testosterone levels are low.
What should you know about side effects?
All medicines can cause side effects. Many people don't have side effects. And minor side effects sometimes go away after a while.
But sometimes side effects can be a problem or can be serious.
If you're having problems with side effects, talk to your doctor. Your doctor may be able to lower your dose or change to a different medicine.
Always be sure you get specific information on the medicine you're taking. For a full list of side effects, check the information that came with the medicine you're using. If you have questions, talk to your pharmacist or doctor.
What are some cautions about testosterone?
Cautions about taking testosterone include the following:
- Taking testosterone may cause symptoms of an enlarged prostate, such as trouble urinating.
- Experts don't know for sure if taking testosterone affects the risk of prostate cancer.
- Testosterone can lower your fertility while you're taking it.
- Taking testosterone can cause your body to make too many red blood cells. This can cause blood clots and other problems, such as heart attack or stroke.
- Taking testosterone can cause birth defects. If you could get pregnant and are taking testosterone, birth control is recommended.
General cautions for all medicines
- Allergic reactions.
- All medicines can cause a reaction. This can sometimes be an emergency. Before you take any new medicine, tell the doctor or pharmacist about any past allergic reactions you've had.
- Drug interactions.
- Sometimes one medicine may keep another medicine from working well. Or you may get a side effect you didn't expect. Medicines may also interact with certain foods or drinks, like grapefruit juice and alcohol. Some interactions can be dangerous.
- Harm during pregnancy or breastfeeding.
- If you are pregnant, trying to get pregnant, or breastfeeding, ask your doctor or pharmacist if all the medicines you take are safe.
- Other health problems.
- Before taking a medicine, be sure your doctor or pharmacist knows about all your health problems. The medicine for one health problem may affect another health problem.
Always tell your doctor or pharmacist about all the medicines you take. This includes prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, herbs, and supplements. That information will help prevent serious problems.
Always be sure you get specific information on the medicine you're taking. For a full list of warnings, check the information that came with the medicine you're using. If you have questions, talk to your pharmacist or doctor.
Current as of: March 1, 2023
Author: Healthwise Staff
Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine
Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine