Vaccines after Transplant

Vaccines after Transplant


Talk to your transplant team before you receive any vaccines. You may begin to get vaccines 6 months after transplant. 

Vaccines help to prevent disease. After getting a vaccine, your body makes antibodies as though you had been exposed to the disease. Vaccines may be given as a single dose or several doses given over time. The full number of doses for each vaccine must be completed for the vaccine to protect you from the disease. 

Some vaccines are live virus, while others contain part of the dead virus or weakened bacteria. As a transplant patient, you have a weaker immune system (immunocompromised). You are not allowed to have live virus or inhaled vaccines. No one else living in the household should have live virus or inhaled vaccines either to protect your health.

Vaccines are safe medicines that rarely cause problems. Some side effects may occur, such as a sore or tender area at the injection site or a mild fever.


Vaccines to avoid after transplant

This is an incomplete list, so talk to your Transplant Care Team before you receive any vaccines.

  • Inhaled influenza (live flu virus)
  • Japanese encephalitis
  • Measles, mumps and rubella (MMR)
  • Oral polio (live poliovirus)
  • Oral typhoid
  • Shingles
  • Varicella
  • Yellow fever


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This handout is for informational purposes only. Talk with your doctor or healthcare team if you have any questions about your care. For more health information, call the Library for Health Information at 614-293-3707 or email: