Closed Chain Exercises

Closed Chain Exercises

 

What is a closed chain exercise?

A closed chain exercise is a strengthening activity done with your arm or leg pressed against an object that does not move. Your arms or legs then push to move your body against the resistance. Your body is used as the weight or force to be controlled. An example would be balancing on one leg and then bending and straightening that leg. Exercising the knee like this makes joints and muscles above and below it also work.

When are closed chain exercises used ?

A closed chain exercise helps strengthen muscle groups rather than single muscles and helps the muscles to work together. Many activities and movements we do every day, like walking, use these types of control and movement. Your normal strength is maintained by lifting your body weight against gravity when you stand up, sit down, or push and pull.

These exercises are also used to train specific muscle groups to do special activities like running, climbing, or sports. The resistance is used to increase strength.

terminal knee extension

Terminal Knee Extension

 

wall slide

Wall Slide

 

leg slide

Leg Slide

 

© 2004 – July 1, 2019, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center.

This handout is for informational purposes only. Talk with your doctor or healthcare team if you have any questions about your care. For more health information, call the Library for Health Information at 614-293-3707 or email: health-info@osu.edu.